My training and experience is in mental health counseling in a community health private practice.  I believe counseling is a very sensitive process.  A counselor must have the right training to keep his clients safe.  Safety is the most important aspect of counseling.  There are many ethical dilemmas that could and will arise during therapy. It is important that your counselor has been specifically trained in the area of ethics (i.e., confidentiality, dual-relationships, suicide prevention and intervention, HIPAA laws, and much more).  If you are interested in knowing what ethical standards professional counselors are held to, please, click on this link:


Make sure the counselor you choose has specific qualities: a Masters degree or higher from an accredited college/university, a Pennsylvania license to practice psychology or counseling, membership in a professional organization (e.g., ACA, NBCC, APA).



Psychotherapy, also known as “talk therapy” or counseling, is when a person speaks with a trained therapist in a safe and confidential environment to explore and understand feelings and behaviors and gain coping skills.   Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is an effective treatment that has been well researched.  EMDR is a based in the Adaptive Information Processing model (AIP). The AIP model hypothesizes that maladaptively stored memories of trauma create obstacles to rational processing of information, which occurs in the prefrontal cortex area of the brain. Bilateral stimulation, through eye movements or other mechanisms, is hypothesized to remove the obstacles and permit complete processing of the memory, leading to a reduction in trauma symptoms. EMDR therapy, with the AIP model as rationale, has been effectively used in the treatment of PTSD. Evidence in support of AIP theory is emerging as some promising results have been shown in studies that rely on measuring various types of physiological changes that occur during EMDR therapy (


I believe most of our disturbances (emotional, sensory, cognitive, relational) stem from a root of trauma.  EMDR addresses these traumas (big/overt and little/covert ones) to relieve psychiatric symptoms.


The disorders and issues that I treat are as follows:

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Ed.

(American Psychiatric Association):

  • Anxiety Disorders-

    • Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Specific Phobia, Panic Disorder, and Agoraphobia.

  • Depressive Disorders-

    • Major Depressive Disorder (Depression) and Persistent Depressive Disorder

  • Trauma & Stress-Related Disorders-

    • Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Acute Stress Disorder, Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder, Adjustment Disorders, and Persistent Complex Bereavement.

  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders-

    • Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity (ADHD), mild Autism Spectrum Disorder (Asperger's Syndrome).

  • Identity-

    • Body Dysmorphic Disorder and Gender Dysphoria


Other Types of Issues:

  • LGBTQ+ issues

  • Grief/Loss

  • Work problems/career planning

  • Self-esteem issues

  • Trauma- overt and covert traumatic events (Overt- sexual violence, terrorism, physical abuse, etc.; Covert- bullying, denigrated self-esteem, verbal abuse, death of someone close, etc.)

  • call or email me if you do not see your issue listed.